Opioid-free anesthesia might resolve the postoperative symptoms

By: Kyle Borges

With the world technologically advancing in all areas and it is simply to make our everyday lives better and easier. One of the things that someone is not experiencing every day would be surgery– even then researchers are trying to make it easier for the patient to undergo a surgical procedure and have a more comfortable postoperative experience and a faster recovery time. On average one person will have 9.2 surgeries in their lifetime.

With every technological advancement, each of the surgeries can be less painful, depending on their severity. Such as with anesthesia– anesthesia is a drug used during surgery ( intense or same day surgeries) to sedate the patient and control their pain. With anesthesia, there are three different types being used such as local anesthesia which numbs a small part of the body for small procedures, Regional anesthesia which blocks pain to a large part of the body and lastly general anesthesia which effects your brain and the rest of your body– All which include opioids. Intraoperative use of opioids may be associated with Side effects due to the perioperative use of opioids, such as postoperative nausea and vomiting.

Anesthesia jumps into the future  

What if doctors told you that there was a way you could feel better than most patients that came out of surgery? Would you try it due to the fact that The postoperative pain after surgery is too overbearing for anyone that just came out of surgery should endure. Some of the postoperative pains can be nausea, vomiting, constipation and sleepiness. All which is due to a concoction of opioids, dexamethasone, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs which basically makes up today’s version anesthesia.

There is a way to end some of the postoperative pain with a new type of anesthesia. Doctors around the world are using the new type of anesthesia due to is dissociation with opioids. With the anesthesia being opioid-free the patient should wake up feeling less nauseated and have no vomiting– due to the absence of opioid. In place of the opioid is lidocaine which has clear advantages such as lower patient pain scores (fewer complaints of pain), faster bowel action restored and a decreased hospital stay. Another drug that is a substitute for opioids is Dexmedetomidine. Dexmedetomidine is a drug that induces sedation and is associated with a reduction in postoperative pain intensity and nausea.